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What is Oral Hygiene

mouth of individuals  and for general health  It is an important personal care and cleaning.  In certain ways,  should be done on a regular basis.


Tooth brushing, flossing, tongue brushing is provided.

Brushing teeth

It is a mouth cleaning method that is done at least 2 times a day and takes at least 2 minutes. It is the most important criterion in preventing tooth and gum diseases.

Brushing your teeth after breakfast and before going to sleep is very valuable.

A pea-sized amount of toothpaste is applied on the toothbrush.

There is no need to wet the toothbrush.

All surfaces of all teeth (inside-outside-upper-back) should be brushed.

Tooth brushing should be done in front of the mirror with the mouth open. Mouth  when off  trying to brush teeth  an individual has not brushed the tongue-facing surfaces of their teeth.

The person should start brushing teeth from a specific area and should not skip any area. (right-left-top-bottom)

brush bristles; After it is placed at the tooth-gingival junction line, it is slid on the tooth surface. Brush stroke direction; should always be from the gum to the tooth.

Simply to keep in mind: brush from pink to white.

Toothpaste cannot be swallowed. After brushing, rinse with water at least 3 times and rinse.

Floss Use

The toothbrush cannot reach the interfaces. The interfaces are cleaned with the use of dental floss.

Flossing is done after brushing and finally the mouth is rinsed with water.

When using dental floss, the individual should use the floss without hurting it. If it hurts when flossing, you may have put too much force on your gums.  or you may have a gum disease, consult your doctor.

Use the floss by wrapping it around your finger for comfortable use.

The thread is placed between two teeth and pulled back against the tooth. It should be placed 2 times between each tooth and removed by leaning on the surfaces.

Rope; After it is placed between the teeth, the violin bow (cutting) movement should not be made. It is harmful. It is simply placed between the teeth and removed back.

Tongue Brushing

upper surface of the tongue  covered with finger-like projections called papillae.

Between these protrusions is a good habitat for bacteria.

For this reason, the tongue should be brushed with a thin-bristled tongue brush or toothbrush.

To clean the tongue; It is necessary not to prefer products sold under the name of tongue scraper. These products cannot penetrate between the papillae and cannot be effective.

Should You Use Mouthwash?

Cleaning, which is at the forefront of protecting the health of teeth and gums, is correct and regular brushing.

Mouthwashes, on the other hand, are relatively in the background.

Mouthwashes obtained from easily accessible markets give a temporary feeling of freshness and cleanliness when used. Therefore, it is preferred by the society.

Excessive use of mouthwash may cause a lack of taste, irritation, and disruption of the balance of oral flora.

Alcohol does not remove bad breath, on the contrary; Alcohol causes bad breath. For this reason, mouthwashes containing alcohol should definitely not be preferred.

Mouthwashes containing chlorhexidine are sometimes prescribed by dentists. It should not be used unconsciously.

If there is bad breath, there must be an underlying cause. The most common;  It is bad breath originating from teeth, gingiva and prosthesis.  Consult your dentist and get examined.


Zinc mouthwashes are really effective in removing bad breath. Consult your dentist and pharmacist.

Toothbrush Selection

medium hard

Straight and sparsely Hairy

Fine-headed brush should be preferred.


Soft bristle brush cannot provide sufficient cleaning. If it is not sparsely hairy, it cannot affect between the teeth. if not straight hairy  It is less effective in upright brushing. If he is not thin-headed, he cannot reach hard-to-reach areas. For example, the cheek structure is tight in the upper back region, it cannot enter this region. In addition, the nausea reflex disturbs many individuals.

The brush, whose bristles are softened and opened towards the edges, is worn out and its cleaning effect has decreased, replace it with a new one. It usually wears out after 3 months of use.

Electric brushes can be preferred for play purposes in training children. Manual dexterity and muscle activity decrease in elderly individuals, an electric toothbrush is recommended for these individuals. It is recommended for individuals with physical disabilities.

Toothpaste Selection

90% of the total benefit in brushing is with toothbrush and 10% with toothpaste. The choice of brush and the right brushing are much more important than the choice of paste. However, when choosing a toothpaste, care should be taken that it contains fluoride and does not contain abrasives. Toothpaste should not be swallowed. Mouth after brushing  at least 3 times  should be rinsed with water.

Tooth sensitivity (tingling in the cold) is very common in society. There are scientific studies that show that sensitizing pastes have positive effects.  

There is a tendency in society to use whitening toothpastes. When choosing a whitening toothpaste, it should be noted that it does not contain abrasives.

Oral Care in Children

Teeth cleaning should begin as soon as the teeth appear in the mouth in babies. Teeth cleaning can be done with the help of baby brushes and ingestible herbal baby pastes. With the help of a clean gauze, cheesecloth, tissue paper, the tooth surfaces can be cleaned by wiping. This ensures adequate cleaning.

The society has a habit of adding honey, molasses and sugar to milk with a bottle, it is extremely wrong. In these children, a condition called baby bottle caries, where most of the teeth are decayed, can be seen.  Be sure to drink water after giving sweet foods such as honey and molasses. Do not forget: sugary-sweet foods decay teeth.


The earlier the habit of brushing teeth is acquired, the better. Children do what they see, not what they are told. Suggestion,  The child cannot be brought into the habit of brushing.


parent teeth  While brushing, the child's brush is also placed in a position within his reach. While the parents brush their teeth, the child sees and imitates.  will want to. In other words, parents should first establish their own brushing habits.

When choosing toothbrushes for children, prefer small-headed children's brushes. Electric brushes are fun for kids  and it is positive in gaining brushing habit.

If the child does not swallow toothpaste while brushing, choose fluoride toothpaste for adults. If the child swallows toothpaste; Use toothpaste for children that does not contain fluorine or brush without paste.

Especially, it is easier for school-age children to reach sugary foods. Consumption of sugary foods should be prevented. If it cannot be prevented, teeth should be brushed or rinsed with water after sugar is eaten.

Routine dental check-ups should start from the age of 3 years. If you suspect a problem with your teeth before the age of 3, consult your dentist.

Individuals with Prosthesis

Porcelain, zirconium, lamina (leaf porcelain) teeth should be brushed very well. Standard dental cleanings such as brushing and flossing should never be interrupted. The perception that "Porcelain/zirconium coated teeth do not need to be brushed" is very wrong. Unfortunately, there may be such a misconception in society. On the contrary, these teeth should be cleaned even more carefully.

Zirconium/porcelain bridge bases also require a cleaning. It should be cleaned with fishing line at both ends and special dental floss with a wide and soft structure in the middle. At the end of the bridge treatment, practical information is given by the physician.

In addition to brushing on implant teeth, flossing is important.

Removable prostheses that can be put on and taken off by the patient should be removed and washed after meals. Before sleep, the prosthesis is removed and cleaned with a toothbrush and toothpaste. If there is a support tooth in the mouth, it should be brushed meticulously. The movable prosthesis is not left in the mouth during sleep, it is placed in water and kept in water until morning. Over time, stains from tea, coffee and colored foods may occur on acrylic prostheses. Tablets are sold for cleaning them. These can be used. If you cannot clean the denture stains, you can request cleaning by submitting them to your dentist.

If You Have Orthodontic Treatment

Braces, transparent orthodontics, replacement treatment (retainer); It means extra retention areas on tooth surfaces. The more retention areas, the greater the plaque and microorganism aggregation. These individuals should pay great attention to their dental hygiene. Orthodontic treatments, which often start with an aesthetic expectation, may result in dental caries due to not paying attention to cleaning. It is entirely the patient's duty to prevent this.

When orthodontic treatment starts, information about tooth brushing, interface cleaning, orthodontic brush, transparent appliance cleaning is explained to the patient by the physician in practice.

If You Have Gum Bleeding

Bleeding occurs in unhealthy gums while brushing and flossing. Gum health is restored after regular cleaning in bleeding areas. The person himself will observe that the bleeding is reduced by regular cleaning.


If gum bleeding continues, it is a sign of gum disease. Contact your physician. Some disease symptoms also appear in the gums, do not delay periodic dentist checks.

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